Galatia Channel:References

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Allgaier, G.J., and M.E. Hopkins, 1975, Reserves of the Herrin (No. 6) Coal in the Fairfield Basin in southeastern Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey, Circular 489, 31 p., 2 pls.
Andresen, M.J., 1961, Geology and petrology of the Trivoli Sandstone in the Illinois Basin: Illinois State Geological Survey, Circular 316, 31 p.
Archer, A.W., and E.P. Kvale, 1993, Origin of gray shale lithofacies (clastic wedges) in U.S. Midcontinent coal measures (Pennsylvanian): An alternate explanation: Geological Society of America, Special Paper 286, p. 181–192.
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Baird, G.C., and C.W. Shabica, 1980, The Mazon Creek depositional event; examination of Francis Creek and analogous facies in the Midcontinent region, in R.L. Langenheim and C.J. Mann, eds., Middle and Late Pennsylvanian strata on margin of Illinois Basin, Vermilion County, Illinois, Vermillion and Parke Counties, Indiana: 10th Annual Field Conference, Great Lakes Section: Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, p. 79–92.
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Baird, G.C., S.D. Sroka, C.W. Shabica, and T.L. Beard, 1985b, Mazon-Creek-type fossil assemblages in the U.S. Midcontinent Pennsylvanian: Their recurrent character and palaeoenvironmental significance: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London, v. 311, p. 87–99.
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Bisnett, A.J., and P.H. Heckel, 1996, Sequence stratigraphy helps to distinguish offshore from nearshore black shales in the Midcontinent Pennsylvanian succession: Geological Society of America, Special Paper 306, p. 341–350.
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Bristol, H.M., and R.H. Howard, 1971, Paleogeologic map of the sub-Pennsylvanian Chesterian (Upper Mississippian) surface in the Illinois Basin: Illinois State Geological Survey, Circular 458, 14 p., 2 pls.
Burk, M.K., M.P., Deshowitz, and J.E. Utgaard, 1987, Facies and depositional environments of the Energy Shale Member (Pennsylvanian) and their relationship to low-sulfur coal deposits in southern Illinois: Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 57, no. 6, p. 1060–1067.
Butts, C., 1925, Geology and mineral resources of the Equality–Shawneetown area: Illinois State Geological Survey, Bulletin 47, 76 p., 2 pls.
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Cady, G.H., 1952, Minable coal reserves of Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey, Bulletin 78, 138 p., 8 pl.
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Cecil, C.B., 1990, Paleoclimate controls on stratigraphic repetition of chemical and siliciclastic rocks: Geology, v. 18, p. 533–536.
Cecil, C.B., 2003, The concept of autocyclic and allocyclic controls on sedimentation and stratigraphy, emphasizing the climatic variable, in C.B. Cecil and N.T. Edgar, eds., Climate controls on stratigraphy: SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology), Special Publication 77, p. 13–20.
Cecil, C.B., and F.T. Dulong, 2003, Precipitation models for sediment supply in warm climates, in C.B. Cecil and N.T. Edgar, eds., Climate controls on stratigraphy: SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology), Special Publication 77, p. 21–27.
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Cecil, C.B., F.T. Dulong, R.A. Harris, J.C. Cobb, H.J. Gluskoter, and H. Nugroho, 2003a, Observations on climate and sediment discharge in selected tropical rivers, Indonesia, in C.B. Cecil and N.T. Edgar, eds., Climate controls on stratigraphy,: SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology), Special Publication 77, p. 29–50.
Cecil, C.B., F.T., Dulong, R.R. West, R. Stamm, B. Wardlaw, and N.T. Edgar, 2003b, Climate controls on the stratigraphy of a Middle Pennsylvanian cyclothem in North America, in C.B. Cecil and N.T. Edgar, eds., Climate controls on stratigraphy: SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication 77, p. 151–180.
Cecil, C.B., R.W. Stanton, S.G., Neuzil, F.T. Dulong, L.F. Ruppert, and B.S. Pierce, 1985, Paleoclimate controls on Late Paleozoic sedimentation and peat formation in the central Appalachian basin: International Journal of Coal Geology, v. 5, p. 195–230.
Coleman, J.M., 1976, Deltas, processes of deposition and models for exploration: Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University, Coastal Studies Institute, 124 p.
Davydov, V.I., D. Korn, and M.D. Schmitz, 2012, The Carboniferous Period, in F.M. Gradstein, J.G. Ogg, M.D. Schmitz, and G.M. Ogg, The geologic time scale 2012, vol. 2: Amsterdam, Elsevier, p. 603–651.
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DiMichele, W.A., 2014, Wetland-dryland vegetational dynamics in the Pennsylvanian ice age tropics: International Journal of Plant Sciences, v. 175, p. 123–164.
DiMichele, W.A., and P.J. DeMaris, 1987, Structure and dynamics of a Pennsylvanian-age Lepidodendron forest: Colonizers of a disturbed swamp habitat in the Herrin (No. 6) Coal of Illinois: Palaios, v. 2, p. 146–157.
DiMichele, W.D., H.J. Falcon-Lang, W.J. Nelson, S.D. Elrick, and P.R. Ames, 2007, Ecological gradients within a Pennsylvanian mire forest: Geology, v. 35, no. 5, p. 415–418.
DiMichele, W.A., and W.J. Nelson, 1989, Small-scale spatial heterogeneity in Pennsylvanian-age vegetation from the roof shale of the Springfield Coal (Illinois Basin): Palaios, v. 4, p. 276–280.
Driese, S.G.. and E.G. Ober, 2005, Paleopedologic and paleohydrologic records of precipitation seasonality from Early Pennsylvanian “underclay” paleosols, U.S.A: Journal of Sedimentary Research, v. 75, p. 997–1010.
Dutton, A., and K. Lambeck, 2012, Ice volume and sea level during the last interglacial: Science, v. 337, p. 216–219.
Eble, C.F., W.C. Grady, and B.S. Pierce, 2006, Compositional characteristic and inferred origin of three Late Pennsylvanian coal beds from the northern Appalachian Basin, in S.F. Greb, and W.A. DiMichele, Wetlands through time: Geological Society of America, Special Paper 399, p. 191–222.
Eble, C.F., S.F. Greb, and D.A. Williams, 2001, The geology and palynology of Lower and Middle Pennsylvanian strata in the Western Kentucky Coal Field: International Journal of Coal Geology, v. 47, p. 189–206.
Edwards, M.J., R.L. Langenheim Jr., W.J. Nelson, and C.T. Ledvina, 1979, Lithologic patterns in the Energy Shale and the origin of “rolls” in the Herrin (No. 6) Coal, Pennsylvanian, in the Orient No. 6 Mine, Jefferson County, Illinois: Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 49, no. 3, p. 1005–1014.
Eggert, D.L., 1978, A distributary channel contemporaneous with deposition of the Springfield Coal member (V), Petersburg Formation (Pennsylvanian) in Warrick County, Indiana (abstract): Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, v. 10, p. 395.
Eggert, D.L., 1982, A fluvial channel contemporaneous with deposition of the Springfield Coal Member (V), Petersburg Formation, northern Warrick County, Indiana: Indiana Geological Survey, Special Report 28, 20 p.
Eggert, D.L., 1984, The Leslie Cemetery and Francisco distributary fluvial channels in the Petersburg Formation (Pennsylvanian) of Gibson County, Indiana, U.S.A., in R.A. Rahmani and R.M. Flores, Sedimentology of Coal and Coal-Bearing Sequences: International Association of Sedimentologists, Special Publication 7, p. 309–315.
Eggert, D.L., 1987, Earlier sediment differential compaction in Gibson County, Indiana: International Journal of Coal Geology, v. 8, p. 304–314.
Eggert, D.L., 1994, Coal resources of Gibson County, Indiana: Indiana Geological Survey, Special Report 50, 36 p., 1 pl.
Eggert, D.L., and S.C. Adams, 1985, Distribution of fluvial channel systems contemporaneous with the Springfield Coal Member (Middle Pennsylvanian) in southwestern Indiana, in A.T. Cross, ed., Economic geology: Coal, oil and gas: Ninth International Congress of Carboniferous Geology and Stratigraphy, Proceedings, v. 4: Carbondale, Southern Illinois University Press, p. 342–348.
Elrick, S.D., W.J. Nelson, and W.A. DiMichele, 2008, Split coal origin as floating peat mats: Springfield Coal, Illinois: Geological Society of America, North-Central Section Annual Meeting, Abstracts with Programs, v. 40, no. 5, p. 81.
Elrick, S.D., W.A. DiMichele, W.J. Nelson, and P.R. Ames, 2013, Middle Desmoinesian tidal channel log jams and roof flora indicate coal swamp-terminal vegetation dominated by Sigillaria, tree and seed ferns—A Missourian assemblage: Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, v. 45, no. 7, p. 300.
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Falcon-Lang, H.J., 2009, A Macroneuropteris scheuchzeri tree preserved in growth position in the Middle Pennsylvanian Sydney Mines Formation, Nova Scotia, Canada: Atlantic Geology, v. 45, p. 74–80.
Falcon-Lang, H.J., W.J. Nelson, S. Elrick, C.V. Looy, P.R. Ames, and W.A. DiMichele, 2009, Incised channel fills containing conifers indicate that seasonally dry vegetation dominated Pennsylvanian tropical lowlands: Geology, v. 37, p. 923–926.
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Primary Source

W. John Nelson, Scott D. Elrick, William A. DiMichele, and Philip R. Ames xxxx, Evolution of a Peat-Contemporaneous Channel: The Galatia Channel, Middle Pennsylvanian, of the Illinois Basin FINISH CITATION