Historical:Breezy Hill Limestone Member
M. E. Hopkins and J. A. Simon
The Breezy Hill Limestone Member of the Carbondale Formation (Pierce and Courtier, 1937, p. 17) is named for Breezy Hill, Crawford County, Kansas.
The type section is exposed at Breezy Hill.
Extent and Thickness
The member is widespread, though sporadic. It occurs either as an irregular, silty limestone, rarely over 1 foot thick, or as nodular masses in claystone.
The Breezy Hill Limestone occurs in the lower part of the underclay of the Summum (No. 4) Coal in western and northern Illinois (Inden, 1968; Nance, 1970). In Missouri it occurs at the base of the underclay of the Mulky coal (Inden, 1968; Nance, 1970).
The only fossils found in it in western Illinois are micritic patches and filaments, probably algal.
This limestone is interpreted as fresh-water in Illinois and open-marine to the west in Kansas and Oklahoma, where it is several feet thick and contains a varied marine fauna.
INDEN, RICHARD, 1968, Petrographic analysis and environmental interpretation of the Breezy Hill Limestone in Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, and Oklahoma: University of Illinois thesis.
NANCE, R. B., 1970, Limestones and phosphatic rocks from the Summum and Liverpool cyclothems in western Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey Guidebook Series 8, p. 75-83.
PIERCE, W. G., and W. H. COURTIER, 1937, Geology and coal resources of the southeastern Kansas coal field: Kansas Geological Survey Bulletin 24, 122 p.
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