Historical:McDonough Loess Member

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Pleistocene stratigraphy of Illinois
Series Bulletin 94
Author H. B. Willman and John C. Frye
Date 1970
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Lithostratigraphy: Roxana Silt >>McDonough Loess Member
Chronostratigraphy: Cenozoic Erathem >>Quaternary System >>Pleistocene Series

Authors

H. B. Willman and John C. Frye

Name origin

The McDonough Loess Member of the Roxana Silt is named for McDonough Lake on the Mississippi River floodplain in Madison County.

Type section

Its type section is the Pleasant Grove School Section (table 6) 1 mile southeast of McDonough Lake, SW NE SE Sec. 20, T. 3 N., R. 8 W.

Table 6 -- Stratigraphic Sections (partial)
The following 21 stratigraphic sections describe exposures in Illinois and illustrate many of the aspects of Pleistocene stratigraphy. These sections contain the type localities for 21 rock-stratigraphic units, 4 soil-stratigraphic units, and 3 time-stratigraphic units and include paratypes for several other units. The sample numbers preceded by "P" are the numbers used in the Illinois State Geological Survey collections. Analytical data on many of these samples are on file at the Survey. The sections are arrange alphabetically by name.

Stratigraphic relationships

The McDonough Member, designated Roxana zone-Ib in previous Illinois literature, overlies the Chapin Soil and is terminated at the top by the Pleasant Grove Soil and the overlying Meadow Loess Member of the Roxana Silt.

The spatial relations are shown diagrammatically by figure 8.

Lithology

The McDonough Loess is gray to tan, generally leached, but at a few places (e.g., Pleasant Grove School Section) it contains some etched fossil snail shells. The member is also described in the Chapin, Cottonwood School, and Gale Sections (table 6). Previously published sections that describe the McDonough Member (Roxana zone-Ib) include the De Pue, French Village, Fulton Quarry, Hillview, and Literberry Sections (table 7). Mineral compositions are listed in table 5.

Table 6 -- Stratigraphic Sections (partial)
The following 21 stratigraphic sections describe exposures in Illinois and illustrate many of the aspects of Pleistocene stratigraphy. These sections contain the type localities for 21 rock-stratigraphic units, 4 soil-stratigraphic units, and 3 time-stratigraphic units and include paratypes for several other units. The sample numbers preceded by "P" are the numbers used in the Illinois State Geological Survey collections. Analytical data on many of these samples are on file at the Survey. The sections are arrange alphabetically by name.

Age and correlation

The McDonough Member is in the midpart of the Altonian Substage of the Wisconsinan Stage.

ISGS Codes

Stratigraphic Code Geo Unit Designation
0670
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