Historical:Livingston Limestone Member

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Handbook of Illinois Stratigraphy
Series Bulletin 95
Author H. B. Willman, Elwood Atherton, T. C. Buschbach, Charles Collinson, John C. Frye, M. E. Hopkins, Jerry A. Lineback, Jack A. Simon
Date 1975
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Lithostratigraphy: McLeansboro Group >>Bond Formation >>Livingston Limestone Member
Chronostratigraphy: Paleozoic Erathem >>Pennsylvanian Subsystem >>Missourian Series
Allostratigraphy: Absaroka Sequence


M. E. Hopkins and J. A. Simon

Name Origin

The Livingston Limestone Member of the Bond Formation (Worthen, 1875, p. 11-19), the top of which forms the top of the formation in eastern Illinois, is named for Livingston, Clark County.

Type Section

The type section consists of exposures along Big Creek, about 2 miles northwest of Livingston (SE NW 6, 11N-11W) (Wanless, 1956, p. 12).


The Livingston is correlated with the Millersville Limestone west of the La Salle Anticlinal Belt.

Extent and Thickness

The Livingston occurs in two or three benches separated by shale beds 1-6 feet thick and has a maximum thickness of about 25 feet. The Livingston is well developed in Vermilion, Edgar, Clark, and eastern Coles Counties, where it has been extensively quarried. It thins southward into Crawford County.


It is generally fine grained and medium to thick bedded, and each bench thins to the south as the shale partings become thicker.


WANLESS, H. R., 1956, Classification of the Pennsylvanian rocks of Illinois as of 1956: Illinois State Geological Survey Circular 217, 14 p.
WORTHEN, A. H., 1875, Geology and paleontology: Geological Survey of Illinois, v. 6, 532 p.

ISGS Codes

Stratigraphic Code Geo Unit Designation