Livingston Limestone Member

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Lithostratigraphy: McLeansboro Group >>Bond Formation >>Livingston Limestone Member
Chronostratigraphy: Paleozoic Erathem >>Pennsylvanian Subsystem >>Missourian Series
Allostratigraphy: Absaroka Sequence

Primary source

Willman, H. B., Elwood Atherton, T. C. Buschbach, Charles Collinson, John C. Frye, M. E. Hopkins, Jerry A. Lineback, and Jack A. Simon, 1975, Handbook of Illinois Stratigraphy: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 95, 261 p.

Contributing author(s)

M. E. Hopkins and J. A. Simon


Original description

The Livingston Limestone Member of the Bond Formation (Worthen, 1875, p. 11-19).


Named for Livingston, Clark County.

Other names


Type section

Type location

The type section consists of exposures along Big Creek, about 2 miles northwest of Livingston (SE NW 6, 11N-11W) (Wanless, 1956, p. 12).

Type author(s)

Type status

Reference section

Reference location

Reference author(s)

Reference status

Stratigraphic relationships

The top of the Livingston Limestone Member forms the top of the Bond Formation in eastern Illinois.

Extent and thickness

The Livingston occurs in two or three benches separated by shale beds 1-6 feet thick and has a maximum thickness of about 25 feet. The Livingston is well developed in Vermilion, Edgar, Clark, and eastern Coles Counties, where it has been extensively quarried. It thins southward into Crawford County.


It is generally fine grained and medium to thick bedded, and each bench thins to the south as the shale partings become thicker.




Well log characteristics


Age and correlation

The Livingston is correlated with the Millersville Limestone west of the La Salle Anticlinal Belt.

Environments of deposition

Economic importance



WANLESS, H. R., 1956, Classification of the Pennsylvanian rocks of Illinois as of 1956: Illinois State Geological Survey Circular 217, 14 p.
WORTHEN, A. H., 1875, Geology and paleontology: Geological Survey of Illinois, v. 6, 532 p.

ISGS Codes

Stratigraphic Code Geo Unit Designation