Historical:Friendsville Coal Member
M. E. Hopkins and J. A. Simon
The Friendsville Coal Member of the Mattoon Formation (Fuller and Clapp, 1904, p. 2) is named for Friendsville, Wabash County.
The type locality consists of several abandoned mines near Friendsville (13, 24, 1N-13W) (Kosanke, 1950, p. 89).
Extent and Thickness
The Friendsville Coal is present only in the western two-thirds of Wabash County, where it is as much as 4 feet thick.
Near McCleary's Bluff in southern Wabash County it is overlain by an unnamed lenticular limestone up to 6 feet thick that contains abundant phylloid algae. The Friendsville Coal lies about 160 feet above the Reel Limestone, and its position is thought to be in the lower part of the Mattoon Formation. However, its exact relation to the Millersville (Livingston) Limestone has not been determined. In Wabash County, strata that may be equivalent to the Millersville are a complex of limestone, shale, and a few coal streaks, one of which may be equivalent to the Friendsville Coal.
FULLER, M. L., and F. G. CLAPP, 1904, Patoka, Indiana-Illinois Quadrangle: USGS Geologic Atlas Folio 105, 12p.
KOSANKE, R. M., 1950, Pennsylvanian spores of Illinois and their use in correlation: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 74, 128 p.
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