Tonti Sandstone Member

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Lithostratigraphy: Ottawa Limestone Megagroup >>Ancell Group >>St. Peter Sandstone >>Tonti Sandstone Member
Chronostratigraphy: Paleozoic Erathem >>Ordovician System >>Champlainian Series >>Blackriveran Stage
Allostratigraphy: Tippecanoe Sequence

Primary source

Willman, H. B., Elwood Atherton, T. C. Buschbach, Charles Collinson, John C. Frye, M. E. Hopkins, Jerry A. Lineback, and Jack A. Simon, 1975, Handbook of Illinois Stratigraphy: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 95, 261 p.

Contributing author(s)

H. B. Willman and T. C. Buschbach


Original description

The Tonti Sandstone Member of the St. Peter Sandstone (Templeton and Willman, 1963, p. 45).


Named for Tonti Canyon in Starved Rock State Park.

Other names


Type section

Type location

The top of the Tonti Sandstone Member is exposed in the canyon, but the type section is at Starved Rock, La Salle County (SW NW NW 22, 33N-2E), where the contact with the overlying Starved Rock Sandstone Member and the upper 40 feet of the Tonti Member are exposed. The Tonti is entirely exposed in the bluffs at Split Rock, 4 miles northwest of Starved Rock.

Type author(s)

Type status

Reference section

Reference location

Reference author(s)

Reference status

Stratigraphic relationships

The Tonti Sandstone Member is the middle member of the St. Peter Sandstone.

Extent and thickness

The Tonti Member generally forms the greater part of the St. Peter Sandstone, and in many areas all the St. Peter is Tonti. Although commonly from 100-200 feet thick, it is locally over 500 feet thick.


The Tonti Member is chiefly fine-grained, well sorted, friable, highly porous sandstone, but locally in western Illinois it is even finer grained, silty, less porous, and partly cemented by secondary silica. It is noncalcareous, except in southern Illinois where it contains some dolomitic beds.




Well log characteristics


Age and correlation

Environments of deposition

Economic importance



TEMPLETON, J. S., and H. B. WILLMAN, 1963, Champlainian Series (Middle Ordovician) in Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 89, 260 p.

ISGS Codes

Stratigraphic Code Geo Unit Designation