Cooper Limestone Member

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Lithostratigraphy: Hunton Limestone Megagroup >>Grand Tower Limestone >>Cooper Limestone Member
Chronostratigraphy: Paleozoic Erathem >>Devonian System >>Middle Devonian Series
Allostratigraphy: Kaskaskia Sequence

Primary source

Willman, H. B., Elwood Atherton, T. C. Buschbach, Charles Collinson, John C. Frye, M. E. Hopkins, Jerry A. Lineback, and Jack A. Simon, 1975, Handbook of Illinois Stratigraphy: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 95, 261 p.

Contributing author(s)

Charles Collinson and Elwood Atherton


Original description

The Cooper Limestone Member of the Grand Tower Limestone (Swallow, 1855, p. 108, 196).


The Cooper is named for Cooper County, Missouri, where it is classified as a facies of the Calloway Limestone (Koenig, 1961).

Other names


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Stratigraphic relationships

On its northern margin the Cooper is overlapped by the Lingle Limestone, and on the south it grades laterally to the light-colored dolomite that overlies the Geneva Dolomite Member.

Extent and thickness

In Illinois the Cooper Limestone Member is as much as 50 feet thick in a belt 60-90 miles wide that extends eastward across the state south of the Sangamon Arch (fig. D-14). It is exposed only in Calhoun County (Meents and Swann, 1965), where it previously was considered part of the Cedar Valley Limestone.


The Cooper Limestone Member is sparsely fossiliferous, gray, dense, lithographic, pure limestone, but it contains scattered grains of quartz sand in some localities.




Well log characteristics


Age and correlation

The Cooper Limestone Member is similar to the Wapsipinicon Limestone north of the Sangamon Arch and probably is continuous with it west of Illinois.

Environments of deposition

Economic importance



KOENIG, J. W., 1961, Devonian System, in Stratigraphic succession in Missouri: Missouri Geological Survey, v. 40, p. 36-49.
MEENTS, W. F., and D. H. SWANN, 1965, Grand Tower Limestone (Devonian) of southern Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey Circular 389, 34 p.
SWALLOW, G. C., 1855, Geology of Missouri: Missouri Geological Survey 2nd Annual Report, p. 59-170.

ISGS Codes

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