Morrowan Series

From ILSTRAT
Jump to: navigation, search

Lithostratigraphy: McCormick Group
Chronostratigraphy: Paleozoic Erathem >>Pennsylvanian Subsystem >>Morrowan Series
Allostratigraphy: Absaroka Sequence

Primary source

Willman, H. B., Elwood Atherton, T. C. Buschbach, Charles Collinson, John C. Frye, M. E. Hopkins, Jerry A. Lineback, and Jack A. Simon, 1975, Handbook of Illinois Stratigraphy: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 95, 261 p.

Contributing author(s)

M. E. Hopkins and J. A. Simon

Name

Original description

The Morrowan Series of the Pennsylvanian System (Adams, 1904, p. 28).

Derivation

Named for Morrow, Washington County, Arkansas.

Other names

History/background

Type section

Type location

The type exposure on Hale Mountain lies a short distance from Morrow, Arkansas.

Type author(s)

Type status

Reference section

Reference location

Reference author(s)

Reference status

Stratigraphic relationships

The Caseyville Formation of the McCormick Group (fig. P-2) constitutes the entire Morrowan Series in Illinois (Willman et al., 1967). The top of the series may not correlate precisely with the top in the Midcontinent section.

Extent and thickness

Lithology

The series consists of marine and nonmarine rocks.

Core(s)

Photograph(s)

Contacts

Well log characteristics

Fossils

Marine fossils are rare in the Caseyville, but the Sellers Limestone Member in southeastern Illinois contains a Morrowan fauna. The type region of the Morrowan in many places contains Millerella, a nonfusiform fusulinid that is also found in the Chesterian Series and in younger Pennsylvanian sediments and is the most advanced fusulinid found in Morrowan rocks. However, no fusulinids have been found in the Illinois Morrowan. The upper limit of the Morrowan in fusulinid-bearing rocks is placed at the base of the first strata containing Profusulinella.

The compression plant fossils of the Morrowan Series are in Zone 6 (Neuropteris tennesseeana and Mariopteris pygmaea) of Read and Mamay (1964). The roof shale of the Baldwin coal, which occurs in the Morrowan type section, contains a plant-impression flora similar to that above the Gentry Coal Member in southeastern Illinois. The relative ages of strata within the Morrowan Series in Illinois can best be determined from the spores, which are abundant in Caseyville sediments, especially the coals. The Morrowan Series in Illinois is dominated by the genus Lycospora, which in some coals makes up as much as 80 percent of the spore population. Spores of herbaceous lycopods -- Densosporites, Cristatisporites , and Radiizonates -- are also abundant. D. sinosus, R. striatus, and R. irregularis are useful guide fossils for the lower part of the Morrowan, whereas C. indignibundus is typically found in the upper part. Schulzospora ranges up to the top of the Morrowan. Triquitrites, Laevigatosporites, and Endosporites are found in the lower part of the Morrowan but are very rare.

Age and correlation

Environments of deposition

Economic importance

Remarks

References

ADAMS, G. I., 1904, Zinc and lead deposits of northern Arkansas: USGS Professional Paper 24, 118 p.
READ, C. B., and S. H. MAMAY, 1964, Upper Paleozoic floral zones and floral provinces of the United States: USGS Professional Paper 454-K, p. K1-K35.
WILLMAN, H. B., et al., 1967, Geologic map of Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey.

ISGS Codes

Stratigraphic Code Geo Unit Designation
3810
--