Historical:Trivoli Sandstone Member

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Handbook of Illinois Stratigraphy
Series Bulletin 95
Author H. B. Willman, Elwood Atherton, T. C. Buschbach, Charles Collinson, John C. Frye, M. E. Hopkins, Jerry A. Lineback, Jack A. Simon
Date 1975
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Lithostratigraphy: McLeansboro Group >>Modesto Formation >>Trivoli Sandstone Member
Chronostratigraphy: Paleozoic Erathem >>Pennsylvanian Subsystem >>Desmoinesian Series
Allostratigraphy: Absaroka Sequence


M. E. Hopkins and J. A. Simon

Name Origin

The Trivoli Sandstone Member of the Modesto Formation (Wanless, 1931a, p. 182, 183, 190, 192), the top of which is the Desmoinesian-Missourian Series boundary, is named for Trivoli, Peoria County.

Type Section

The type section consists of exposures in a ravine northeast of Pea Ridge School, near Trivoli (SW 3, 9N-5E) (Wanless, 1956, p. 11; 1957, p. 121, 193).

Extent and Thickness

The Trivoli Sandstone is found both as a sheet facies generally less than 20 feet thick and as a channel facies that thickens to more than 80 feet, primarily at the expense of underlying strata (Andresen, 1961). The Trivoli is present throughout much of Illinois and marks one of the periods of major stream development during Pennsylvanian time in in Illinois.


ANDRESEN, M. J., 1961 , Geology and petrology of the Trivoli Sandstone in the Illinois Basin: Illinois State Geological Survey Circular 316, 31 p.
WANLESS, H. R., 1931a, Pennsylvanian cycles in western Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 60, p.
WANLESS, H. R., 1956, Classification of the Pennsylvanian rocks of Illinois as of 1956: Illinois State Geological Survey Circular 217, 14 p.
WANLESS, H. R., 1957, Geology and mineral resources of the Beardstown, Glasford, Havana, and Vermont Quadrangles: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 82, 233 p.

ISGS Codes

Stratigraphic Code Geo Unit Designation