Historical:Bernadotte Sandstone Member

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Handbook of Illinois Stratigraphy
Series Bulletin 95
Author H. B. Willman, Elwood Atherton, T. C. Buschbach, Charles Collinson, John C. Frye, M. E. Hopkins, Jerry A. Lineback, Jack A. Simon
Date 1975
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Lithostratigraphy: McCormick Group >>Abbott Formation >>Bernadotte Sandstone Member
Chronostratigraphy: Paleozoic Erathem >>Pennsylvanian Subsystem >>Atokan Series
Allostratigraphy: Absaroka Sequence


M. E. Hopkins and J. A. Simon

Name Origin

The Bernadotte Sandstone Member (Savage, 1927, p. 307-316), which forms the top of the Abbott Formation in western Illinois, is named for the former town of Bernadotte, Fulton County.

Type Section

The type locality is near the former town of Bernadotte (SW 19, 5N-2E) (Wanless, 1956, p. 9; 1957, p. 70-72, 103).


The Bernadotte is correlated with the Murray Bluff Sandstone of southern Illinois.

Extent and Thickness

The Bernadotte Sandstone is fairly extensive in western Illinois and attains thicknesses of 18 feet, though it commonly averages about 5 feet.


It is very fine grained, only slightly micaceous, and the upper part is commonly cemented with silica. The Bernadotte differs from most Pennsylvanian sandstones in generally having a flat base and an uneven top, on the thicker parts of which overlying stratigraphic units tend to wedge out (Wanless, 1957).


SAVAGE, T. E., 1927, Significant breaks and overlaps in the Pennsylvanian rocks of Illinois: American Journal of Science, v. 14, p. 307-316.
WANLESS, H. R., 1956, Classification of the Pennsylvanian rocks of Illinois as of 1956: Illinois State Geological Survey Circular 217, 14 p.
WANLESS, H. R., 1957, Geology and mineral resources of the Beardstown, Glasford, Havana, and Vermont Quadrangles: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 82, 233 p.

ISGS Codes

Stratigraphic Code Geo Unit Designation