Historical:Excello Shale Member
M. E. Hopkins and J. A. Simon
The Excello Shale Member of the Carbondale Formation (Searight et al., 1953) is named for Excello, Macon County, Missouri.
It generally directly underlies the Hanover Limestone, but in some places in western Illinois a lighter colored shale a few feet thick intervenes. The Excello immediately overlies the Summum (No. 4) Coal, except locally in northern Illinois where a few feet of gray shale separates them.
In Illinois, the Excello is composed of black fissile shale that is generally 1-3 feet thick and similar in character to the member in Missouri (Nance, 1970, p. 77). Large black limestone concretions commonly occur in the lower part.
NANCE, R. B., 1970, Limestones and phosphatic rocks from the Summum and Liverpool cyclothems in western Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey Guidebook Series 8, p. 75-83.
SEARIGHT, W. V., et al., 1953, Classification of the Desmoinesian (Pennsylvanian) of the northern Mid-Continent: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 37, p. 2747-2749.
|Stratigraphic Code||Geo Unit Designation|