Historical:Nutwood Shale Member

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Handbook of Illinois Stratigraphy
Series Bulletin 95
Author H. B. Willman, Elwood Atherton, T. C. Buschbach, Charles Collinson, John C. Frye, M. E. Hopkins, Jerry A. Lineback, Jack A. Simon
Date 1975
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Lithostratigraphy: Knobs Megagroup >>New Albany Shale Group >>Hannibal Shale >>Nutwood Shale Member
Chronostratigraphy: Paleozoic Erathem >>Mississippian Subsystem >>Kinderhookian Series
Allostratigraphy: Kaskaskia Sequence


Elwood Atherton, Charles Collinson, and Jerry A. Lineback

Name Origin

Nutwood Shale Member of the Hannibal Shale (Workman and Gillette, 1956, p. 27) is named for Nutwood, Jersey County.

Type Section

The type section of the Nutwood Shale Member is exposed along a creek through "The Narrows," just northeast of the village (SE NW 34, 8N-13W), where the Nutwood is 13 feet thick.

Extent and Thickness

The Nutwood occurs in a limited area from Calhoun County east to Christian County and south to Bond and northern St. Clair Counties. It is as much as 40 feet thick but is less than 20 feet thick within most of its extent.

Stratigraphic Position

The Nutwood is commonly in the lower part of the Hannibal, but in places it is at the base and rests on the "Glen Park" Formation or on Devonian strata.


The Nutwood is a silty, slightly calcareous or noncalcareous, dark brown to black, spore-bearing (Tasmanites) shale that grades laterally and vertically into gray Hannibal Shale.


WORKMAN, L. E., and TRACEY GILLETTE, 1956, Subsurface stratigraphy of the Kinderhook Series in Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey Report of Investigations 189, 46 p.

ISGS Codes

Stratigraphic Code Geo Unit Designation