Belgium Member

Jump to navigation Jump to search

Lithostratigraphy: Banner Formation >>Belgium Member
Chronostratigraphy: Cenozoic Erathem >>Quaternary System >>Pleistocene Series

Primary source

Willman, H. B., Elwood Atherton, T. C. Buschbach, Charles Collinson, John C. Frye, M. E. Hopkins, Jerry A. Lineback, and Jack A. Simon, 1975, Handbook of Illinois Stratigraphy: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 95, 261 p.

Contributing author(s)

John C. Frye and H. B. Willman


Original description

Belgium Member, Banner Formation (Johnson, 1971, p. 10).


Named for the town of Belgium, Vermilion County.

Other names


Type section

Type location

The type section is in the same exposure as the Hegeler Till Member, in the Harmattan Strip Mine No. 2 (SE SW SW 34, 20N-12W).

Type author(s)

Type status

Reference section

Reference location

Reference author(s)

Reference status

Stratigraphic relationships

The Belgium Member is bounded below by the Hegeler Till Member or bedrock and above by the Harmattan Till Member.

Extent and thickness

The Belgium Member consists of two units; the lower is massive, tan to dark gray-brown, carbonaceous, calcareous, fossiliferous silt 0.5-2.5 feet thick (Leonard et al., 1971), and the upper is brown calcareous clay 0.5-1.5 feet thick. It is known in only the one locality in central eastern Illinois. It is known in only the one locality in central eastern Illinois.





Well log characteristics


Age and correlation

Environments of deposition

Economic importance



JOHNSON, W. H., 1971, Old glacial drift near Danville, Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey Circular 457, 16 p.
LEONARD, A. B., J. C. FRYE, and W. H. JOHNSON, 1971, Illinoian and Kansan molluscan faunas of Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey Circular 461, 23 p.

ISGS Codes

Stratigraphic Code Geo Unit Designation