Difference between revisions of "Ullin Limestone"
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Latest revision as of 15:51, 22 October 2019
Willman, H. B., Elwood Atherton, T. C. Buschbach, Charles Collinson, John C. Frye, M. E. Hopkins, Jerry A. Lineback, and Jack A. Simon, 1975, Handbook of Illinois Stratigraphy: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 95, 261 p.
Elwood Atherton, Charles Collinson, and Jerry A. Lineback
Ullin Limestone (Lineback, 1966, p. 29-34).
Named for Ullin, Pulaski County, near which the type section was compiled.
The type section of the Ullin Limestone was compiled from three exposures (secs. 14, 21, and 22, 14S-1W), which have a total thickness of about 630 feet.
The Ullin overlies the Fort Payne Formation, or the Borden, Springville, Warsaw, or Chouteau Formations where the Fort Payne is absent. It underlies the Salem Limestone and pinches out beneath it in western Illinois.
Extent and thickness
The Ullin Limestone maximum thickness is more than 800 feet in Hamilton County and it thins generally northward (fig. M-19). It is exposed in the Mississippi River bluffs in Monroe, St. Clair, and Madison Counties and in southern Illinois in Union, Pulaski, and Hardin Counties.
The Ullin Limestone is largely light-colored, fine- to coarse-grained limestone (fig. M-1F) that is rich in bryozoans and crinoids. The Ullin can generally be subdivided into two members, the Harrodsburg Limestone Member, above, and the Ramp Creek Limestone Member, below. The Harrodsburg is generally lighter colored, coarser grained, less cherty and less argillaceous than the Ramp Creek, whereas the Ramp Creek contains more crinoidal debris and is glauconitic in places. However, the Harrodsburg and Ramp Creek Members are similar in many places, and in about one-third of the area of the Ullin they cannot be differentiated. Where the Ullin is thickest, in Hamilton County, both members are light-colored calcarenite rich in bryozoans. Where the Ullin is thin, as it is on the crest of the Borden delta and on the highest parts of the Fort Payne tongue, both members become more crinoidal and are indistinguishable. The Ullin Limestone filled deepwater trenches bordered by depositional slopes of the Borden delta and the Fort Payne Formation.
Well log characteristics
Age and correlation
Environments of deposition
“Warsaw” is an informal name applied to producing zones in the Ullin Limestone.
LINEBACK, J. A., 1966, Deep-water sediments adjacent to the Borden Siltstone (Mississippian) delta in southern Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey Circular 401, 48 p.
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