Difference between revisions of "Summum Coal Member"

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{{DISPLAYTITLE:Summum Coal Member (abandoned)}}
 
{{Tree
 
{{Tree
|category1=Paleozoic Erathem
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|category1=Abandoned Names
|category2=Pennsylvanian Subsystem
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|tree1=Carbondale Formation
|category3=Absaroka Sequence
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|tree2=Summum Coal Member
|category4=Kewanee Group
 
|category5=Desmoinesian Series
 
|category6=Carbondale Formation
 
|category7=Coal
 
|tree1=Kewanee Group
 
|tree2=Carbondale Formation
 
|tree3=Summum Coal Member
 
 
|tree21=Paleozoic Erathem
 
|tree21=Paleozoic Erathem
 
|tree22=Pennsylvanian Subsystem
 
|tree22=Pennsylvanian Subsystem
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==Primary source==
 
==Primary source==
Willman, H. B., Elwood Atherton, T. C. Buschbach, Charles Collinson, John C. Frye, M. E. Hopkins, Jerry A. Lineback, and Jack A. Simon, 1975, Handbook of Illinois Stratigraphy: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 95, 261 p.
+
Nelson, W.J., 2020, Pennsylvanian Subsystem in Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin (in press). <br>
 +
Edited and figures drafted by Jennifer M. Obrad.
  
 
==Contributing author&#40;s&#41;==
 
==Contributing author&#40;s&#41;==
M. E. Hopkins and J. A. Simon
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W.J. Nelson
  
 
==Name==
 
==Name==
  
 
===Original description===
 
===Original description===
The Summum (No. 4) Coal Member of the Carbondale Formation (Wanless, 1931a, p. 182, 192).
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Wanless (1931, p. 186, 192) introduced the name “Summum cyclical formation” for the cycle that includes coal No. 4 in western Illinois. Through time, the name Summum became attached to the coal bed as well as the cyclothem. Kosanke et al. (1960) formalized the name as the Summum Coal member of the Carbondale Formation.
  
 
===Derivation===
 
===Derivation===
Named for Summum, Fulton County.
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Summum is an unincorporated community in southwestern Fulton County, Illinois. The Summum Coal reaches mineable thickness just north of the village and was strip mined during the middle of the 20th century.  
  
 
===Other names===
 
===Other names===
 
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This unit has been widely known as the No. 4 coal in Illinois, although the bed originally designated as No. 4 by Worthen (1868) probably is the Springfield Coal.  
===History&#47;background===
 
The term "No. 4" was first used by Lesquereux (1866, p. 213) for this coal near Shawneetown, Gallatin County. It was also applied incorrectly by Worthen (1870) to the Springfield (No. 5) Coal in parts of Fulton County.
 
  
 
==Type section==
 
==Type section==
  
 
===Type location===
 
===Type location===
Summum is near the type locality (NE 3, 3N-2E) (Wanless, 1956, p. 10; 1957, p. 204).
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Ravine northeast of Summum in NE¼ of sec. 3, T 4 N, R 2 E, Fulton County.
  
 
===Type author&#40;s&#41;===
 
===Type author&#40;s&#41;===
 +
Wanless (1956) specified the locality; Wanless (1957, geologic section 39, p. 204–205) described the strata.
  
 
===Type status===
 
===Type status===
 +
The area has been strip mined; no exposures remain.
  
 
==Reference section==
 
==Reference section==
 
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None.
===Reference location===
 
 
 
===Reference author&#40;s&#41;===
 
 
 
===Reference status===
 
  
 
==Stratigraphic relationships==
 
==Stratigraphic relationships==
It normally is overlain by the black Excello Shale and overlies an underclay.
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Correlation of the Summum Coal in Illinois with the Houchin Creek Coal in Indiana dates back to Wanless (1939). The relationship of the coal with the overlying black, phosphatic Excello Shale and with other older and younger marker beds establishes physical equivalence. Jacobson et al. (1985) confirmed the matchup by using the well-log correlation and palynological analysis of Russel A. Peppers. These authors thus formally abandoned the name “Summum Coal” in favor of the older established name, [[Houchin Creek Coal Member|Houchin Creek]].  
 
 
==Extent and thickness==
 
The coal, or the recognized position of the coal, is one of the most widespread stratigraphic markers in the state, but it is generally thin.
 
 
 
==Lithology==
 
 
 
==Core&#40;s&#41;==
 
 
 
==Photograph&#40;s&#41;==
 
 
 
==Contacts==
 
 
 
==Well log characteristics==
 
 
 
==Fossils==
 
 
 
==Age and correlation==
 
It is correlated with the Mulky coal of Missouri and Kansas, the Houchin Creek Coal Member (IVa) in Indiana, and the No. 8b coal in western Kentucky.
 
 
 
==Environments of deposition==
 
 
 
==Economic importance==
 
The Summum Coal Member has been mined only locally in Grundy, Kankakee, Fulton, and Saline Counties.
 
 
 
==Remarks==
 
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
LESQUEREUX, LEO, 1866, Report on the coal fields of Illinois: Geological Survey of Illinois, v. 1, p. 208-237.<br>
+
*Jacobson, R.J., C.B. Trask, C.H. Ault, D.D. Carr, H.H. Gray, W.A. Hasenmueller, D. Williams, and A.D. Williamson, 1985, Unifying nomenclature of the Pennsylvanian System in the Illinois Basin: Transactions of the Illinois Academy of Science, v. 78, no. 1–2, p. 1–11.<br>
WANLESS, H. R., 1931a, Pennsylvanian cycles in western Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 60, p. <br>
+
*Kosanke, R.M., J.A. Simon, H.R. Wanless, and H.B. Willman, 1960, Classification of the Pennsylvanian strata of Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey, Report of Investigations 214, 84 p. and 1 pl.<br>
WANLESS, H. R., 1956, Classification of the Pennsylvanian rocks of Illinois as of 1956: Illinois State Geological Survey Circular 217, 14 p.<br>
+
*Wanless, H.R., 1931, Pennsylvanian cycles in western Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey, Bulletin 60, p. 179–193.<br>
WANLESS, H. R., 1957, Geology and mineral resources of the Beardstown, Glasford, Havana, and Vermont Quadrangles: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 82, 233 p.<br>
+
*Wanless, H.R., 1939, Pennsylvanian correlations in the Eastern Interior and Appalachian coal fields: Geological Society of America, Special Paper 17, 130 p.<br>
WORTHEN, A. H., 1870, Geology and paleontology: Geological Survey of Illinois, v. 4, 508 p.
+
*Wanless, H.R., 1956, Classification of the Pennsylvanian rocks of Illinois as of 1956: Illinois State Geological Survey, Circular 217, 14 p.<br>
 +
*Wanless, H.R., 1957, Geology and mineral resources of the Beardstown, Glasford, Havana, and Vermont Quadrangles: Illinois State Geological Survey, Bulletin 82, 233 p.<br>
 +
*Worthen, A.H., 1868, Geology and palaeontology: Geological Survey of Illinois, v. 3, 574 p., 20 pls.<br>
  
 
{{Codes
 
{{Codes

Latest revision as of 21:19, 16 February 2021

Lithostratigraphy: Carbondale Formation >>Summum Coal Member
Chronostratigraphy: Paleozoic Erathem >>Pennsylvanian Subsystem >>Desmoinesian Series
Allostratigraphy: Absaroka Sequence

Primary source

Nelson, W.J., 2020, Pennsylvanian Subsystem in Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin (in press).
Edited and figures drafted by Jennifer M. Obrad.

Contributing author(s)

W.J. Nelson

Name

Original description

Wanless (1931, p. 186, 192) introduced the name “Summum cyclical formation” for the cycle that includes coal No. 4 in western Illinois. Through time, the name Summum became attached to the coal bed as well as the cyclothem. Kosanke et al. (1960) formalized the name as the Summum Coal member of the Carbondale Formation.

Derivation

Summum is an unincorporated community in southwestern Fulton County, Illinois. The Summum Coal reaches mineable thickness just north of the village and was strip mined during the middle of the 20th century.

Other names

This unit has been widely known as the No. 4 coal in Illinois, although the bed originally designated as No. 4 by Worthen (1868) probably is the Springfield Coal.

Type section

Type location

Ravine northeast of Summum in NE¼ of sec. 3, T 4 N, R 2 E, Fulton County.

Type author(s)

Wanless (1956) specified the locality; Wanless (1957, geologic section 39, p. 204–205) described the strata.

Type status

The area has been strip mined; no exposures remain.

Reference section

None.

Stratigraphic relationships

Correlation of the Summum Coal in Illinois with the Houchin Creek Coal in Indiana dates back to Wanless (1939). The relationship of the coal with the overlying black, phosphatic Excello Shale and with other older and younger marker beds establishes physical equivalence. Jacobson et al. (1985) confirmed the matchup by using the well-log correlation and palynological analysis of Russel A. Peppers. These authors thus formally abandoned the name “Summum Coal” in favor of the older established name, Houchin Creek.

References

  • Jacobson, R.J., C.B. Trask, C.H. Ault, D.D. Carr, H.H. Gray, W.A. Hasenmueller, D. Williams, and A.D. Williamson, 1985, Unifying nomenclature of the Pennsylvanian System in the Illinois Basin: Transactions of the Illinois Academy of Science, v. 78, no. 1–2, p. 1–11.
  • Kosanke, R.M., J.A. Simon, H.R. Wanless, and H.B. Willman, 1960, Classification of the Pennsylvanian strata of Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey, Report of Investigations 214, 84 p. and 1 pl.
  • Wanless, H.R., 1931, Pennsylvanian cycles in western Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey, Bulletin 60, p. 179–193.
  • Wanless, H.R., 1939, Pennsylvanian correlations in the Eastern Interior and Appalachian coal fields: Geological Society of America, Special Paper 17, 130 p.
  • Wanless, H.R., 1956, Classification of the Pennsylvanian rocks of Illinois as of 1956: Illinois State Geological Survey, Circular 217, 14 p.
  • Wanless, H.R., 1957, Geology and mineral resources of the Beardstown, Glasford, Havana, and Vermont Quadrangles: Illinois State Geological Survey, Bulletin 82, 233 p.
  • Worthen, A.H., 1868, Geology and palaeontology: Geological Survey of Illinois, v. 3, 574 p., 20 pls.

ISGS Codes

Stratigraphic Code Geo Unit Designation
2840
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