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Willman, H. B., Elwood Atherton, T. C. Buschbach, Charles Collinson, John C. Frye, M. E. Hopkins, Jerry A. Lineback, and Jack A. Simon, 1975, Handbook of Illinois Stratigraphy: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 95, 261 p.
M. E. Hopkins and J. A. Simon
The Livingston Limestone Member of the Bond Formation (Worthen, 1875, p. 11-19).
Named for Livingston, Clark County.
The type section consists of exposures along Big Creek, about 2 miles northwest of Livingston (SE NW 6, 11N-11W) (Wanless, 1956, p. 12).
The top of the Livingston Limestone Member forms the top of the Bond Formation in eastern Illinois.
The Livingston occurs in two or three benches separated by shale beds 1-6 feet thick and has a maximum thickness of about 25 feet. The Livingston is well developed in Vermilion, Edgar, Clark, and eastern Coles Counties, where it has been extensively quarried. It thins southward into Crawford County.
It is generally fine grained and medium to thick bedded, and each bench thins to the south as the shale partings become thicker.
The Livingston is correlated with the Millersville Limestone west of the La Salle Anticlinal Belt.
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WANLESS, H. R., 1956, Classification of the Pennsylvanian rocks of Illinois as of 1956: Illinois State Geological Survey Circular 217, 14 p.<br>
WORTHEN, A. H., 1875, Geology and paleontology: Geological Survey of Illinois, v. 6, 532 p.
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