Historical:Spring Lake Coal Member

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Handbook of Illinois Stratigraphy
Series Bulletin 95
Author H. B. Willman, Elwood Atherton, T. C. Buschbach, Charles Collinson, John C. Frye, M. E. Hopkins, Jerry A. Lineback, Jack A. Simon
Date 1975
Link Web page
PDF PDF file
Store ISGS Store

Lithostratigraphy: Kewanee Group >>Carbondale Formation >>Spring Lake Coal Member
Chronostratigraphy: Paleozoic Erathem >>Pennsylvanian Subsystem >>Desmoinesian Series
Allostratigraphy: Absaroka Sequence


M. E. Hopkins and J. A. Simon

Name Origin

The Spring Lake Coal Member of the Carbondale Formation (Cady, 1948, p. 5; Peppers, 1970, p. 59) is named for Spring Lake, La Salle County.

Type Section

The type section consists of exposures on the east bank of the Vermilion River on the northwest side of Streator, about three-fourths of a mile northeast of the lake (SE SW SW 23, 31N-3E) (Willman and Payne, 1942, p. 130, 295; Peppers, 1970, p. 59).

Extent and Thickness

The coal was described from several outcrops and mines in a small area near Streator, where it has a maximum thickness of 2.5 feet (Willman and Payne, 1942, Unit 43).

Stratigraphic Position

It is separated from the overlying Herrin (No. 6) Coal by 11-17 feet of strata, the lower part of which consists of black fissile shale and gray shale. Estheria and Leaia are found in the gray shale. Spore analyses by Peppers (1970) suggest that its position is slightly above the Briar Hill Coal.


CADY, G. H., 1948, Analyses of Illinois coals: Illinois State Geological Survey Supplement Bulletin 62, 77 p.
PEPPERS, R. A., 1970, Correlation and palynology of coals in the Carbondale and Spoon Formations (Pennsylvanian) of the northeastern part of the Illinois Basin: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 93, 173 p.
WILLMAN, H. B., and J. N. PAYNE, 1942, Geology and mineral resources of the Marseilles, Ottawa, and Streator Quadrangles: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 66, 388 p.

ISGS Codes

Stratigraphic Code Geo Unit Designation