Historical:Geneva Dolomite Member

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Handbook of Illinois Stratigraphy
Series Bulletin 95
Author H. B. Willman, Elwood Atherton, T. C. Buschbach, Charles Collinson, John C. Frye, M. E. Hopkins, Jerry A. Lineback, Jack A. Simon
Date 1975
Link Web page
PDF PDF file
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Lithostratigraphy: Hunton Limestone Megagroup >>Grand Tower Limestone >>Geneva Dolomite Member
Chronostratigraphy: Paleozoic Erathem >>Devonian System >>Middle Devonian Series
Allostratigraphy: Kaskaskia Sequence


Charles Collinson and Elwood Atherton

Name Origin

The Geneva Dolomite Member of the Grand Tower Limestone (Collett, 1882, p. 63, 81-82), is named for Geneva, Shelby County, Indiana.

Type Section

The type locality of the Geneva Dolomite Member is located in Geneva, Shelby County, Indiana.

Extent and Thickness

The Geneva Dolomite Member is continuous from its type locality westward into eastern and central Illinois, where it is as much as 50 feet thick but is not exposed.

Stratigraphic Position

In Illinois the Geneva Dolomite Member is the basal member of the Grand Tower Limestone, wherever the patchy Dutch Creek Sandstone Member is not present, but in Indiana it is classified as a formation (Shaver et al., 1970). The member grades laterally into the lower part of the Grand Tower (Meents and Swann, 1965; North, 1969).


The Geneva is dark brown, crystalline, porous, pure dolomite. It contains finely disseminated organic material and produces oil in several fields (Schwalb, 1955). In some localities floating grains of rounded, coarse to fine quartz sand occur in the Geneva, particularly in its lower part.


The Geneva is essentially nonfossiliferous but contains a few chitinozoans and scolecodonts (Collinson et al., 1967a).


COLLETT, JOHN, 1882, Eleventh annual report: Indiana Department of Geology and Natural History, 414 p.
COLLINSON, CHARLES, L. E. BECKER, G. W. JAMES, J. W. KOENIG, and D. H. SWANN, 1967a, Illinois Basin, in International symposium on the Devonian System: Alberta Society of Petroleum Geologists, v. 1, p. 940-962; Illinois State Geological Survey Reprint 1968-G.
MEENTS, W. F., and D. H. SWANN, 1965, Grand Tower Limestone (Devonian) of southern Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey Circular 389, 34 p.
NORTH, W. G., 1969, Middle Devonian strata of southern Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey Circular 441, 45p.
SCHWALB, H. R., 1955, Geneva (Middle Devonian) Dolomite in Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey Circular 204, 7 p.
SHAVER, R. H., et al., 1970, Compendium of rock-unit stratigraphy in Indiana: Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 43, 229 p.

ISGS Codes

Stratigraphic Code Geo Unit Designation