Historical:Dykersburg Shale Member

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Handbook of Illinois Stratigraphy
Series Bulletin 95
Author H. B. Willman, Elwood Atherton, T. C. Buschbach, Charles Collinson, John C. Frye, M. E. Hopkins, Jerry A. Lineback, Jack A. Simon
Date 1975
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Lithostratigraphy: Kewanee Group >>Carbondale Formation >>Dykersburg Shale Member
Chronostratigraphy: Paleozoic Erathem >>Pennsylvanian Subsystem >>Desmoinesian Series
Allostratigraphy: Absaroka Sequence

Authors

M. E. Hopkins and J. A. Simon

Name Origin

The Dykersburg Shale Member of the Carbondale Formation (Hopkins, 1968, p. 4) is named for Dykersburg (called Absher on some maps), Williamson County.

Type Section

Dykersburg is near the type section which is in the highwall of an abandoned coal strip pit (SE SE NE 34, 9S-4E).

Extent and Thickness

The Dykersburg is confined to a belt 3-15 miles wide that extends southwestward from Wabash County to the outcrop in Saline County. The Dykersburg is as much as 100 feet thick in places.

Description

Most of it is gray silty shale containing some sandstone, particularly one major channel sandstone that replaces the Harrisburg Coal along a narrow band. Where overlain by the Dykersburg Shale, the Harrisburg Coal is thicker, is commonly characterized by several shale splits, and contains much less sulfur (less pyrite) than in areas where it is overlain by black fissile shale or the St. David Limestone. The Dykersburg is also well developed in an adjacent area in western Indiana.

References

HOPKINS, M. E., 1968, Harrisburg (No. 5) Coal reserves of southeastern Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey Circular 431, 25 p.

ISGS Codes

Stratigraphic Code Geo Unit Designation
2780
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