Cardiff coal bed
Willman, H. B., Elwood Atherton, T. C. Buschbach, Charles Collinson, John C. Frye, M. E. Hopkins, Jerry A. Lineback, and Jack A. Simon, 1975, Handbook of Illinois Stratigraphy: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 95, 261 p.
M. E. Hopkins and J. A. Simon
The Cardiff Coal Member of the Carbondale Formation (Cady, 1915). The name was not in general use until re-introduced by Peppers (1970).
Named for Cardiff, Livingston County.
The type locality is in mines at Cardiff (22, 23, 30N-8E).
It generally is not more than 10 feet above the Colchester (No. 2) Coal. At a few localities the Cardiff directly overlies the Colchester Coal.
Extent and thickness
The Cardiff Coal is known only in northeastern Livingston, southeastern Grundy, and western Kankakee Counties, where it occurs in channels trending northeast-southwest eroded in gray shale. The Cardiff Coal is highly lenticular and was reported in one mine to be 12 feet thick.
It commonly is in more than one major bench, the benches separated by gray shale. Peppers (1970) described the flora and concluded that the Cardiff Coal is a little older than the Lowell Coal.
Well log characteristics
Age and correlation
Environments of deposition
CADY, G. H., 1915, Coal resources of District I (Longwall): Illinois State Geological Survey Mining Investigations Bulletin 10, 149 p.
PEPPERS, R. A., 1970, Correlation and palynology of coals in the Carbondale and Spoon Formations (Pennsylvanian) of the northeastern part of the Illinois Basin: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 93, 173 p.
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